Out of This World Literacy : 12 Strategic Actions in Reading
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12 Strategic Actions in Reading

Hello teacher friends!

As many of us are preparing for back to school, I wanted to share the 12 strategic actions in reading.

As we all know, reading is such a complex task.  There are so many layers of thinking going on inside a readers mind before, during, and after reading.  As teachers, It is nearly impossible to assess all that readers are thinking.

Because reading is so complex, and we can't see thinking, we need to teach our students to understand their own thinking.  Unless students choose to share their thoughts with others (through oral or written communication), those thoughts stay hidden.

If we teach students to understand the 12 strategic actions that occur before, during, and after reading, they will begin to self-regulate their thinking.  They will begin to become independent learners who recognize when their brains are processing new information through reading.

One very important and successful way to teach our students to become independent learners who can recognize their own thinking is through modeling our own thinking.

We can read to our students and share our thoughts aloud before, during, and after reading, being sure to model thinking from all 12 strategic actions.

Another way we can teach our students to become independent learners is to teach and define the 12 strategic actions and guide students to recognize these actions while they are reading independently.

According to Irene Fountas and Gay Sue Pinnell's book, The Continuum of Literacy Learning:

The 12 strategic actions are as follows:

1. Solving words
2. Monitoring and correcting reading
3. Searching for and using information
4. Summarizing
5. Maintaining fluency
6. Adjusting reading rate
7. Predicting
8. Making connections
9. Synthesizing
10. Inferring
11. Analyzing
12. Critiquing

*** Once we make our students aware of these 12 actions that happen while we are reading, we can encourage them to recognize this thinking when it occurs during their own reading time!

Thank you for reading my post!  I hope you have found it helpful in your reading instruction!
Best wishes,

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